March 13, 2010Click here to read the rest of this illuminating blog post at Lew Rockwell.
Children Belong to the State — 1860s
Posted by Christopher Manion on March 13, 2010 01:44 PM
Butler, it goes back further than that. Few Americans today realize that the public school movement began 150 years ago as part of an attack on the Catholic Church.
In the mid-nineteenth century, Protestant “Know-Nothings” railed against the millions of newly-arrived Catholic immigrants — “criminals” who had a lot of kids and were starting their own schools, complete with armies of foreign nuns and papist priests. According to Rousas Rushdoony’s history, Horace Mann, the founder of the public school movement in Massachusetts, believed that “the [public] schools are the means, instruments, vehicles, and true church by which salvation is given to society.” Given that goal, Mann “changed the function of education from ‘mere learning’ or religiously-oriented education to ‘social efficiency, civic virtue, and character” (by the twentieth century, character “ceased to be a concern” in the public schools, Rushdoony notes). Mann also demanded that control of community schools be transferred into state hands.
To understand further influences in the conversion of Education from what it was, free and privately delivered, read Temple of Man: Freemasonry, Civil Religion, and Education here.